• Riodinidae, Abisara, rogersi, Mutinondo, Butterfly, Rare, Wilderness, Zambia

    Abisara rogersi

  • Fresna nyassae, Acraea skipper, butterfly, wildlife, Mutinondo, Lepidoptera, Miombo

    Fresna nyassae

  • Sarangesa astrigera, Butterfly, elfin, zambia, Mutinondo wilderness, Miombo

    Sarangesa astrigera

  • Astictopterus punctulata, Skipper, Butterfly, Lepidoptera, Mutinondo, Miombo, Zambia

    Astictopterus punctulata

  • Hypolycaena liara, Zambia, Mutinondo, Butterflies, Lepidoptera

    Hypolycaena liara

Butterflies of Mutinondo Wilderness

Mutinondo's natural wildlife includes many beautiful butterflies - including one species of Charaxes (Emperor) that has never been recorded anywhere else. Whether or not you are a passionate Lepidopterist, turning an eye to these colourful inhabitants of the wilderness area is sure to enhance any outing.

Mutinondo Wilderness has been extremely fortunate in that the accomplished lepidopterists Colin Congdon and Ivan Bampton have spent many, many days dedicated to searching the area for eggs and caterpillars of their newly found Charaxes butterfly. Whilst doing this they have also found other interesting species, and were kind enough to provide the list below. 
(* denotes a 'special'; see notes at end)
(NC indicates species identified from photographs, not yet sent to Colin for confirmation)

Family Hesperiidae  

  • Coeliades forestan  
  • (NC) Coeliades pisistratus
  • *Abantis bamptoni  
  • Abantis paradisea  
  • Abantis zambesiaca  
  • (NC) Calleagris jamesoni
  • (NC) Eretis djaelaelae
  • (NC) Sarangesa astrigera
  • Metisella formosus  
  • (NC) Acada biseriata
  • (NC) Andronymus neander
  • (NC) Astictopterus punctulata
  • (NC) Chondrolepis niveicornis
  • (NC) Fresna nyassae
  • (NC) Platylesches lamba
  • (NC) Platylesches moritili
  • (NC) Teniorhinus harona
  • Tsitana wallacei  
  • (NC) Zenonia zeno
  • *Kedestes lema 

Family Papilionidae  

  • Papilio dardanus  
  • Papilio demodocus  
  • Papilio ophidicephalus  
  • Papilio nireus  
  • Graphium angolanus  
  • Graphium leonidas  
  • Graphium policenes 

Family Pieridae  

  • Catopsilia florella  
  • Eurema brigitta  
  • Eurema desjardansi  
  • Eurema hapale  
  • Eurema hecabe  
  • Eurema regularis  
  • Eurema senegalensis  
  • Belenois aurota  
  • Belenois creona  
  • (NC) Colotis vesta
  • *Mylothris sagala albissima  
  • Mylothris agathina  
  • Leptosia alcesta 

Family Nymphalidae

Subfamily Heliconiinae

  • Acraea encedon  
  • Acraea eponina  
  • Acraea natalica  
  • Acraea neobule  
  • Acraea omrora  
  • *Acraea rhodesiana  
  • Acraea sotikensis  
  • Acraea ventura 
  • (NC) Pardopsis punctatissima
  • Phalanta phalantha 

Subfamily Danainae

  • Danaus chrysippus

Subfamily Satyrinae

  • Melanitis leda  
  • Bicyclus cooksoni  
  • Bicyclus cottrelli  
  • Bicyclus ena  
  • Bicyclus safitza  
  • Henotesia simonsi  
  • Neocoenyra kivuensis 

Subfamily Nymphalinae

  • Hypolimnas misippus  
  • Precis actia  
  • (NC) Precis ceryne
  • Junonia antilope  
  • Junonia hierta  
  • Junonia natalica  
  • Junonia octavia  
  • Junonia oenone  
  • Junonia orithyia  
  • (NC) Junonia terea
  • Catacroptera cloanthe  
  • Vanessa cardui  
  • Byblia anvatara  
  • Eurytela dryope  
  • Sevenia (= Sallyarosa  
  • (NC) Sevenia umbrosa
  • Neptis alta  
  • Neptis kiriakoffi  
  • Neptis laeta  
  • Neptis saclava  
  • Neptis serena  
  • Pseudacraea boisduvali  
  • (NC) Pseudacraea poggei
  • Euriphene iris  
  • Crenidomimas concordia  
  • Hamanumida daedalus  
  • Pseudargynnis hegemone  
  • (NC) Euphaedra zaddachi (cf. subsp. crawshayi)
  • Charaxes achaemenes  
  • Charaxes bohemani  
  • Charaxes brutus  
  • Charaxes candiope  
  • Charaxes castor  
  • Charaxes druceanus  
  • *Charaxes sp nr martini  
  • Charaxes guderiana  
  • Charaxes jasius  
  • Charaxes nichetes  
  • Charaxes pollux  
  • Charaxes protoclea  
  • Charaxes varanes 

Subfamily Libytheinae  

  • Libythea labdaca 

Family Lycaenidae  

  • Alaena nyassa  
  • Alaena reticulata  
  • Pentila pauli  
  • Cooksonia neavei  
  • Mimacraea marshalli  
  • Baliochila hildegarda  
  • Cigaritis (= Spindasishomeyeri  
  • Cigaritis mozambica  
  • Cigaritis natalensis
  • (NC) Chloroselas pseudozeritis  
  • *Zeritis sorhagenii  
  • Axiocerses amanga  
  • Axiocerses tjoane  
  • Epamera australis  
  • Epamera bakeri  
  • Epamera nasisii  
  • Epamera sidus  
  • Epamera violacea  
  • Aphniolaus pallene  
  • Iolaphilus trimeni  
  • Argiolaus ndolae  
  • Argiolaus pamae  
  • Argiolaus silarus  
  • Stugeta bowkeri  
  • Hypolycaena buxtoni  
  • Hypolycaena philippus  
  • (NC) Hypolycaena liara
  • Hemiolaus caeculus  
  • Virachola antalus  
  • Virachola diocles  
  • Virachola magda  
  • *Pilodeudorix bemba  
  • Capys connexivus  
  • Anthene definita  
  • Anthene lunulata  
  • Anthene princeps  
  • Cupidopsis cissus  
  • Pseudonacaduba sichela  
  • Lampides boeticus  
  • Uranothauma poggei  
  • Cacyreus lingeus  
  • Leptotes pirithous  
  • Tuxentius calice  
  • (NC) Tuxentius melaena
  • Zizeeria knysna  
  • Actizera lucida  
  • Azanus jesous  
  • Azanus natalensis 

Family Riodinidae  

  • *Abisara rogersi  


*Abantis bamptoni. Widespread but little known. It is easier to find the caterpillars (on Uapaca) than the adults.  

*Kedestes lema. Another little known skipper. Subspecies linka was previously known only from the Makutu Mountains, while subspecies lema is known from Lusaka and the type locality in southern DRC. Habitat woodland. Flies in February.  

*Mylothris sagala albissima. Known from Mpika (type locality), Bwingi Mfumu, Shiwa Ng'andu and Mbala. Present in the mshitu, February.  

*Acraea rhodesiana. Described as widespread in Zambia but uncommon. Flies round the edges of exposed rocks where its foodplant, Basananthe reticulata grows. This foodplant shared with Acraea omrora. Both species fly during the rains.  

*Charaxes sp nr martini. Known from Mutinondo Wilderness and Kundalila Falls only. Was thought to be a race of Ch. gallagheri, but now that males have been taken it is seen to be nearer to Ch. martini from Mlanje in southern Malawi. Larval foodplant Diospyros natalensis.  

*Zeritis sorhagenii. Very local. Open woodland. One specimen from across the Mushumfusi in November.  

*Pilodeudorix bemba. The only confirmed record from Zambia. D'Abrera, working from the British Musem, had not seen any specimens. He commented that it was reputed to come from Brachystegia woodland in Shaba Province of Zaire, Zambia, and southern Tanzania. Berger (Les Papillions du Zaire) thought the type might be the then unknown female of Hypokopelates kafuensis, a view shared by Kielland (Butterflies of Tanzania). The authors of Butterflies of Zambia also doubted the existence of the species. There are, however, two males in addition to the type female, known to ABRI, Nairobi. They resemble P. kholi, but with a black forewing apex. We now have two more males, from the mshitu, in February. 

*Abisara rogersi. Known from forests across the north of Zambia, and two males from along the Mushumfusi in early May. Foodplant almost certainly Maesa lanceolata. 



See Also

Birds of Mutinondo


Mutinondo Mushrooms

Plant Life of Mutinondo